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Early Years Foundation Stage

Early Years

Nursery and Reception are known as The Foundation Stage.  They have their own special curriculum - The EYFS Framework


The EYFS Framework explains how and what your child will be learning to support their healthy development.

Your child will be learning skills, acquiring new knowledge and demonstrating their understanding through 7 areas of learning and development.


These 7 areas are used to plan your child’s learning and activities. The professionals teaching and supporting your child will make sure that the activities are suited to your child’s unique needs. This is a little bit like a curriculum in primary and secondary schools, but it's suitable for very young children, and it's designed to be really flexible so that staff can follow your child's unique needs and interests. Children in the EYFS learn by playing and exploring, being active, and through creative and critical thinking which takes place both indoors and outside.



Children should mostly develop the 3 prime areas first. These are:

  • Communication and language;
  • Physical development; and
  • Personal, social and emotional development.

These prime areas are those most essential for your child’s healthy development and future learning.


As children grow, the prime areas will help them to develop skills in 4 specific areas.

These are:

  • Literacy;
  • Mathematics;
  • Understanding the world; and
  • Expressive arts and design.


Where can I go for further information?

The most important place to find out more is your child’s class teacher

do ask as many questions as you need to. The class teacher's really do welcome speaking with you.


You can find the Early Years Foundation Stage which includes the early learning goals at The foundation years website also includes a range of resources and contacts.

Our Curriculum

Here at Light Oaks Infant School the Early Years classes follow a topic led curriculum. We are inspired by the things that our children love to learn about, and we carefully weave their ideas into the experiences and learning opportunities that we offer.

Please have a look at our yearly overviews. They provide some brief information on the topics we will be exploring, along with some of the books that we will be reading.


Nursery Long Term Planning

Reception Long Term Planning

Phonics- Phase 1 starts in Nursery Autumn 1.

These three videos show you how to pronounce the sounds. Notice how the children don’t add an ‘uh’ sound at the end, so they say: ‘t’ not ‘tuh’. Use the downloadable information to help your child remember how to write their letters and say their sounds.

Download a guide to how children are taught to say their sounds in Reception Autumn 1.

Download a guide to how children are taught to say their sounds in Reception Autumn 2.

Download a guide to how children are taught to say their sounds in Reception Spring 1.